Citation of this paper.
The sheep livestock farming systems of the mountainous zones altitude exceeding m of the northwestern Tunisia play an important part in the socioeconomic activities. It goes from the subsistence of peasant families to the marketing of lambs for fattening, breeding, and slaughtering.
Livestock farming systems in these areas are poorly valued and the challenges of sustainability and competitiveness have become significant. In this context, it is essential to take into account the traceability of production, for quality remuneration. An essential prerequisite is the characterization of the diversity of the livestock activities in order to better understand the choices of agro-pastoralists and to identify the constraints to the valorization of the meat of mountain lambs.
The study is based on surveys of 91 agro-pastoralists. Four types of livestock systems were distinguished according to a set of structural variables: i livestock seeking a balance with forest resources, ii livestock integrated to farming, iii livestock without grazing with low profitability; and iv livestock without grazing used as a financial reserve.
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In forest areas, sheep could add value to woody pastures. Only a social system that takes this into account would make it possible to recover this shortfall and improve profitability by paying for this service provided by the pastoralists in the rangelands, such as a 'pastoral meat' label. Keywords: livestock system, sheep production, feeding management, mountainous area, Tunisia. Ce groupe ne dispose pas d'espace pastoral.
Etude des systèmes d'élevage ovins en milieu montagneux du Nord-Ouest tunisien
Etudes et Recherches , Fourrages 3— Secheresse, 17 1—2 : 31— Derivation of economic values using profit functions. Livestock Production Science 88, Gembloux, Belgique.
Lasseur J Sheep farming systems and nature management of rangeland in French Mediterranean mountain areas. Livestock Production Science 96, Sahli Z Risques et enjeux dans les agricultures familiales: cas des zones montagneuses arides et semi-arides.
Inform, 42, Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 2, Article Livestock Science, Go to top. Tableau 5. Livestock Research for Rural Development 31 7 Figure 1.
Figure 2. Figure 3.
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Diagramme ombrothermique pour la station climatique de Tabarka. Tableau 1.
Tableau 2. Tableau 3.
Tableau 4. Race ovine par exploitation par zone. Figure 4.
Tableau 6. Figure 5.