- Sugarcane cultivation in queensland pdf to jpg
- Sugarcane: History and Cultivation of Sugarcane
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- Category:Sugar cane farming in Queensland
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- Cultivation of Sugar Cane in Queensland
- Mechanisation of planting
- Sugarcane cultivation in Queensland
Sugarcane is grown chiefly in the main season December - May in the entire State.
The particulars in respect of each season are given below:. Special season : June - July Early season varieties are suitable for special season. After harvest of the paddy crop, form irrigation and drainage channels of 40 cm depth and 30 cm width at intervals of 6 m across the field and along the field borders. Stir the furrows with hand hoes and allow the soil to weather for 4 to 5 days.
In medium and light soil irrigated by flow or lift irrigation adopt the following:. Basal application of organic manures:.
Apply FYM at In wetlands this may be applied along the furrows and incorporated well. Preparation of reinforced compost from sugarcane trash and pressmud:.
Spread the sugarcane trash to a thickness of 15 cm over an area of 7 m x 3 m. Then apply pressmud over this trash to a thickness of 5 cm. Moist the trash and pressmud layers adequately with water. Repeat this process till the entire heap rises to a height of 1. Use cowdung slurry instead of water to moist the layer wherever it is available.
Cover the heap with a layer of soil and pressmud at ratio to a thickness of 15 cm. Leave the heap as such for three months for decomposition. Moist the heap once in 15 days. During rainy season, avoid moistening the heap.
After three months, turn and mix the heap thoroughly and form a heap and leave it for one more month. Then turn and mix the heap thoroughly at the end of the fourth month. Moist the heap once in 15 days during 4th and 5th month also. This method increases the manurial value of trash compost by increasing, N, P and Ca content.
It also brings down the C:N ratio by 10 times as compared to raw cane trash. Composition of cane trash, pressmud and cane trash compost.
Basal Application Of Fertilizer. Preparation Of Setts For Planting. Take seed material from short crop 6 to 7 months age free from pests and diseases incidence. Different systems of planting is not found to influence the millable cane population, commercial cane sugar per cent, cane and sugar yield.
Improved technologies on cane planting systems.
Sugarcane cultivation in queensland pdf to jpg
Four feet row with two line planting in each row. Introduction of power weeder for weeding and earthing up to save the cost on labour and also to reduce human drudgery. Trash Mulching Mulch the ridges uniformly with cane trash to a thickness of 10 cm within a week after planting. It helps to tide over drought, conserves moisture, reduce weed population and minimise shoot borer incidence. Mulch the field with trash after 21 days of planting in heavy soil and wetland conditions. Avoid trash mulching in areas where incidence of termites is noticed.
Sugarcane: History and Cultivation of Sugarcane
In areas of adequate irrigation, sow one row of soybean or blackgram or greengram along the centre of the ridge on the 3rd day of planting. Intercropping of daincha or sunhemp along ridges and incorporation of the same on the 45th day during partial earthing up helps to increase the soil fertility, and also the cane yield.
Especially Intercropping of Co. Raising intercrops is not found to affect the cane yield and quality. After application of 3rd dose fertilizer 90 days , work victory plough along the ridges for efficient and economical earthing up.
At days after planting, earthing up may be done with spade. Remove the dry cane leaves on th and th day to avoid borer infestation. Do double line propping with trash twist at the age of days of the crop. Top Dressing with Fertilizers.
In the case of lift irrigation belt, apply kg of nitrogen and For jaggery areas, apply kg of nitrogen and Neem Cake Blended Urea : Apply Repeat the same on 60th day with another 12 packets gm. Repeat the above on the other side of the crop row on the 90th day for lift irrigated belt. Band placement: Open deep furrows of 15 cm depth with hand hoes and place the fertilisers in the form of band and cover it properly. Nutritional Disorders : Nitrogen deficiency : All leaves of sugarcane exhibit a yellow — green colour and retardation of growth.
Category:Sugar cane farming in Queensland
Cane stalks are smaller in diameter and premature drying of older leaves. Roots attain a greater length but are smaller in diameter. Phosphorus deficiency : Reduction in length of sugarcane stalks, diameters of which taper rapidly at growing points.
The colour of the leaves is greenish blue, narrow and some what reduce length.
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An orange, yellow colour appears in the older lower leaves which develop numerous chlorotic spots that later become brown with dead centre. A reddish discoloration which is confined to the epidermal cells of the upper surfaces and midribs of the leaves.
Poor root growth with less member of root hairs. Pronounced bleaching of the green colour along the major veins and also striped effect due to a loss of chlorophyll along the veins. Iron deficiency: Symptoms of Iron deficiency are generally seen in young leaves where pale stripes with scanty chlorophyll content occur between parallel lines.
Cultivation of Sugar Cane in Queensland
In advanced stages of deficiency the young leaves turn completely white, even in the veins. Boron deficiency : Boron deficiency could be seen in the cane by depressed growth, development of distorted and chlorotic leaves and the presence of definite leaf and stalks lesions.
In extreme cases of boron deficiency the plant will die. Hence balanced application of fertilizer based on soil test values and crop requirement is essential.
Through STCR fertilizer prescription equations a. Azospirillum is the common biofertilizer recommended for N nutrition which could colonize the roots ofsugarcane and fix atmospheric nitrogen to the tune of about 50 to 75 kg nitrogen per ha per year. Recently, another endophytic nitrogen fixing bacterium, Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus isolated from sugarcane can able to fix more nitrogen than Azospirillum.
It colonizes throughout the sugarcane and increases the total N content. In soil, it can also colonize the roots and able to solubilize the phosphate, iron and Zn.
Mechanisation of planting
It can also enhance the crop growth, yield of sugarcane and sugar content of the juice. Since it is more efficient than Azospirillum , this new organism was test- verified in various centres and released as new biofertilizer Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus TNAU Biofert-I.
Phosphobacteria as P solubiliser are recommended for sugarcane crop. Before planting the sugarcane setts can be treated with ten packets 2 kg per ha of Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus prepared as slurry with L of water.
Twelve packets 2.
Sugarcane cultivation in Queensland
Same method of application can be followed for Phosphobacteria. Irrigate the crop depending upon the need during different phases of the crop. Provide shallow wetting with 2 to 3 cm depth of water at shorter intervals especially for sandy soil for enhancing the germination. Sprinkler irrigation is the suitable method to satisfy the requirement, during initial stages. Later, irrigation can be provided at 0.
The irrigation intervals in each phase are given below:. At the time of planting, form furrow at a width of 30 cm initially. Pit planting of cane in 1. Pre-Harvest Practices. Assess the maturity by hand refractometer brix survey and 18 to 20 per cent brix indicates optimum maturity for harvest.
Top-bottom ratio of H. Brix reading should be Early varieties have to be harvested at 10 to 11 months age and mid-season varieties at 11 to 12 months age. Harvest the cane at peak maturity. Cut the cane to the ground level for both plant and ratoon crops. An integrated approach involving the measures indicated belowe to be employed to manage sugarcane under salinity and to improve productivity. Use of organic manure: Organic manures viz.
Green manures: Growing green manure intercrop and in situ incorporation of green manures is highly beneficial to improve productivity in salt affected areas.
Application of top dressing of nitrogen and potassium fertilizers through pocket manuring is advantageous and helps in improving yield significantly. Source: SBI, Coimbatore.
Selection fo proper planting months for raising nursery crop in relation to main field planting. Raise six to seven months old nursery crop prior to main field planting as follows:. Adopt similar production techniques for raising short crop with the following modifications. Do not detrash 2.