Barack Obama Democratic. Donald Trump Republican. The United States presidential election was the 58th quadrennial presidential election , held on Tuesday, November 8, Senator from Virginia Tim Kaine , despite losing the popular vote.
Trump emerged as his party's front-runner amidst a wide field of Republican primary candidates, while Clinton defeated Senator Bernie Sanders and became the first female presidential nominee of a major American party.
Trump's populist , nationalist campaign, which promised to " Make America Great Again " and opposed political correctness , illegal immigration , and many free-trade agreements ,  garnered extensive free media coverage. Clinton led in nearly every pre-election nationwide poll and in most swing state polls, leading some commentators to compare Trump's victory to that of Harry S.
Truman in as one of the greatest political upsets in modern U. Trump is the fifth person in U. The United States government's intelligence agencies concluded on January 6, , that the Russian government had interfered in the elections    in order to "undermine public faith in the U. The investigation concluded that Russian interference to favor Trump's candidacy occurred "in sweeping and systematic fashion", but "did not establish that members of the Trump campaign conspired or coordinated with the Russian government".
Article Two of the United States Constitution provides that the President and Vice President of the United States must be natural-born citizens of the United States, at least 35 years old, and residents of the United States for a period of at least 14 years.
Candidates for the presidency typically seek the nomination of one of the political parties, in which case each party devises a method such as a primary election to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. Traditionally, the primary elections are indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate.
The party's delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf.
The general election in November is also an indirect election, where voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College ; these electors in turn directly elect the president and vice president. President Barack Obama , a Democrat and former U. The series of presidential primary elections and caucuses took place between February and June , staggered among the 50 states, the District of Columbia , and U. This nominating process was also an indirect election, where voters cast ballots for a slate of delegates to a political party's nominating convention , who in turn elected their party's presidential nominee.
Speculation about the campaign began almost immediately following the campaign, with New York magazine declaring that the race had begun in an article published on November 8, two days after the election. With seventeen major candidates entering the race, starting with Ted Cruz on March 23, , this was the largest presidential primary field for any political party in American history. Despite leading many polls in Iowa, Trump came in second to Cruz, after which Huckabee, Paul, and Santorum withdrew due to poor performances at the ballot box.
Following a sizable victory for Trump in the New Hampshire primary , Christie, Fiorina, and Gilmore abandoned the race. On March 1, , the first of four " Super Tuesday " primaries, Rubio won his first contest in Minnesota, Cruz won Alaska, Oklahoma, and his home of Texas, and Trump won the other seven states that voted.
Failing to gain traction, Carson suspended his campaign a few days later. Rubio suspended his campaign after losing his home state. Between March 16 and May 3, , only three candidates remained in the race: Trump, Cruz, and Kasich. Cruz won the most delegates in four Western contests and in Wisconsin, keeping a credible path to denying Trump the nomination on the first ballot with 1, delegates.
Trump then augmented his lead by scoring landslide victories in New York and five Northeastern states in April, followed by a decisive victory in Indiana on May 3, , securing all 57 of the state's delegates. Without any further chances of forcing a contested convention , both Cruz  and Kasich  suspended their campaigns. Trump remained the only active candidate and was declared the presumptive Republican nominee by Republican National Committee chairman Reince Priebus on the evening of May 3, A study found that media coverage of Trump led to increased public support for him during the primaries.
Political scientist John Sides argued that Trump's polling surge was "almost certainly" due to frequent media coverage of his campaign. Sides concluded "Trump is surging in the polls because the news media has consistently focused on him since he announced his candidacy on June 16".
Major candidates were determined by the various media based on common consensus.
2016 United States presidential election
The following were invited to sanctioned televised debates based on their poll ratings. Trump received 14,, total votes in the primary. Trump, Cruz, Rubio and Kasich each won at least one primary, with Trump receiving the highest number of votes and Ted Cruz receiving the second highest. Trump turned his attention towards selecting a running mate after he became the presumptive nominee on May 4, In July , it was reported that Trump had narrowed his list of possible running mates down to three: Christie, Gingrich, and Pence.
On July 14, , several major media outlets reported that Trump had selected Pence as his running mate. Trump confirmed these reports in a message on Twitter on July 15, , and formally made the announcement the following day in New York.
Former secretary of state Hillary Clinton , who also served in the U. Senate and was the First Lady of the United States , became the first Democrat in the field to formally launch a major candidacy for the presidency with an announcement on April 12, , via a video message. On October 20, , Webb announced his withdrawal from the primaries, and explored a potential Independent run. On February 1, , in an extremely close contest, Clinton won the Iowa caucuses by a margin of 0.
After winning no delegates in Iowa, O'Malley withdrew from the presidential race that day. On March 8, despite never having a lead in the Michigan primary , Sanders won by a small margin of 1.
Over the course of May, Sanders accomplished another surprise win in the Indiana primary  and also won in West Virginia and Oregon , while Clinton won the Guam caucus and Kentucky primary and also non-binding primaries in Nebraska and Washington.
On June 6, , the Associated Press and NBC News reported that Clinton had become the presumptive nominee after reaching the required number of delegates, including pledged delegates and superdelegates , to secure the nomination, becoming the first woman to ever clinch the presidential nomination of a major U. Clinton also won the final primary in the District of Columbia on June Although Sanders had not formally dropped out of the race, he announced on June 16, , that his main goal in the coming months would be to work with Clinton to defeat Trump in the general election.
The following candidates were frequently interviewed by major broadcast networks and cable news channels or were listed in publicly published national polls. Lessig was invited to one forum, but withdrew when rules were changed which prevented him from participating in officially sanctioned debates. In April , the Clinton campaign began to compile a list of 15 to 20 individuals to vet for the position of running mate, even though Sanders continued to challenge Clinton in the Democratic primaries.
Third party and independent candidates who have obtained more than , votes nationally or on Ballot in at least 15 states are listed separately. Ballot access to electoral votes with write-in :  map. Ballot access to electoral votes with write-in :   map. Ballot access to 84 electoral votes with write-in :  map. In some states, Evan McMullin's running mate was listed as Nathan Johnson on the ballot rather than Mindy Finn, although Nathan Johnson was intended to only be a placeholder until an actual running mate was chosen.
Peace and Freedom  Liberty Union Party . Natural Law Party .
2016 United States presidential election in Idaho
Hillary Clinton focused her candidacy on several themes, including raising middle class incomes, expanding women's rights, instituting campaign finance reform, and improving the Affordable Care Act. In March , she laid out a detailed economic plan basing her economic philosophy on inclusive capitalism , which proposed a "clawback" that rescinds tax relief and other benefits for companies that move jobs overseas; with provision of incentives for companies that share profits with employees, communities and the environment, rather than focusing on short-term profits to increase stock value and rewarding shareholders; as well as increasing collective bargaining rights; and placing an "exit tax" on companies that move their headquarters out of the U.
Donald Trump's campaign drew heavily on his personal image, enhanced by his previous media exposure.
The red baseball cap with the slogan emblazoned on the front became a symbol of the campaign and has been frequently donned by Trump and his supporters. Moreover, he has insisted that Washington is "broken" and can be fixed only by an outsider.
Clinton had an uneasy—and, at times, adversarial—relationship with the press throughout her life in public service. In contrast, Trump benefited from free media more than any other candidate. Both Clinton and Trump were seen unfavorably by the general public, and their controversial nature set the tone of the campaign. Clinton's practice during her time as Secretary of State of using a private email address and server , in lieu of State Department servers, gained widespread public attention back in March Also, on September 9, , Clinton said: "You know, just to be grossly generalistic, you could put half of Trump's supporters into what I call the basket of deplorables.
They're racist, sexist, homophobic, xenophobic, Islamophobic—you name it. The episode drew renewed public attention to questions about Clinton's health.
On the other side, on October 7, , video and accompanying audio were released by The Washington Post in which Trump referred obscenely to women in a conversation with Billy Bush while they were preparing to film an episode of Access Hollywood.
In the recording, Trump described his attempts to initiate a sexual relationship with a married woman and added that women would allow male celebrities to grope their genitalia Trump used the phrase "grab 'em by the pussy".
The audio was met with a reaction of disbelief and disgust from the media. The ongoing controversy of the election made third parties attract voters' attention.
Johnson responded, "And what is Aleppo? On the other hand, Green Party candidate Jill Stein said the Democratic and Republican parties are "two corporate parties" that have converged into one.
Putting another Clinton in the White House will fan the flames of this right-wing extremism. In response to Johnson's growing poll numbers, the Clinton campaign and Democratic allies increased their criticism of Johnson in September , warning that "a vote for a third party is a vote for Donald Trump" and deploying Senator Bernie Sanders Clinton's former primary rival, who supported her in the general election to win over voters who might be considering voting for Johnson or for Stein.
2016 Democratic Party presidential primaries
This is an overview of the money used in the campaign as it is reported to Federal Election Commission FEC and released in September The presidential election was the first in 50 years without all the protections of the original Voting Rights Act. Trump, who has frequently criticized the mainstream media , was not endorsed by the vast majority of newspapers,   with the Las Vegas Review-Journal ,  The Florida Times-Union ,  and the tabloid National Enquirer his highest profile supporters.
USA Today , which had not endorsed any candidate since it was founded in , broke tradition by giving an anti-endorsement against Trump, declaring him "unfit for the presidency". Other traditionally Republican papers, including the New Hampshire Union Leader , which had endorsed the Republican nominee in every election for the last years,  The Detroit News , which had not endorsed a non-Republican in its years,  and the Chicago Tribune ,  endorsed Gary Johnson.
Second Presidential Debate 2016: Donald Trump vs. Hillary Clinton
The Federal Bureau of Investigation agreed. Clapper in early January testified before a Senate committee that Russia's meddling in the presidential campaign went beyond hacking, and included disinformation and the dissemination of fake news , often promoted on social media.
Data Protection Choices
President-elect Trump originally called the report fabricated,  and Wikileaks denied any involvement by Russian authorities. Several U. A formal Special Counsel investigation headed by former FBI director Robert Mueller was initiated in May to uncover the detailed interference operations by Russia, and to determine whether any people associated with the Trump campaign were complicit in the Russian efforts.
Mueller concluded his investigation on March 22, , by submitting his report to Attorney General William Barr. On March 24, , Barr submitted a letter describing Mueller's conclusions,   and on April 18, , a redacted version of the Mueller Report was released to the public. It concluded that Russian interference in the presidential election did occur "in sweeping and systematic fashion" and "violated U.
Pdf express conference id 2016 presidential candidates
The first method detailed in the final report was the usage of the Internet Research Agency, waging "a social media campaign that favored presidential candidate Donald J. Trump and disparaged presidential candidate Hillary Clinton". The second method of Russian interference saw the Russian intelligence service, the GRU , hacking into email accounts owned by volunteers and employees of the Clinton presidential campaign, including that of campaign chairman John Podesta, and also hacking into "the computer networks of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee DCCC and the Democratic National Committee DNC ".
To establish whether a crime was committed by members of the Trump campaign with regard to Russian interference, the special counsel's investigators "applied the framework of conspiracy law ", and not the concept of "collusion", because collusion "is not a specific offense or theory of liability found in the United States Code, nor is it a term of art in federal criminal law.