The Frascati Manual is a document setting forth the methodology for collecting statistics about research and development. The Frascati Manual classifies budgets according to what is done, what is studied, and who is studying it.
For example, an oral history project conducted by a religious organization would be classified as being basic research, in the field of humanities the sub-category of history , and performed by a non-governmental, non-profit organization. The manual gives definitions for: basic research , applied research , Research and development ; research personnel: researchers , technicians , auxiliary personnel. The Frascati Manual classifies research into three categories: .
These involve novelty, creativity, uncertainty, systematic, and reproducibility and transferability. It also organizes the fields of scholarly research endeavors, from mathematics to literature, into main and sub-categories.
Manual de Frascati
After several reviews, a Revised Fields of Science and Technology FOS classification was published in February consisting of the following high-level groupings: . Based on a background document by Christopher Freeman they drafted the first version of Frascati Manual, which is officially known as The Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys of Research and Experimental Development.
In the 6th edition was published. The definitions provided in the Frascati Manual have been adopted by many governments and serve as a common language for discussions of science and technology policy and economic development policy.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Measurement and Statistics on Science and Technology: to the Present. Psychology Press.