Jewish New Testament Commentary Pdf995

Jewish new testament commentary pdf995

Judaism believes that the Jewish Scriptures, often referred to as the Old Testament,[1] are the inspired word of God. If passages appear to contradict one another, it is our responsibility to delve deeply and uncover a correct understanding.

Jewish new testament commentary pdf995

Unfortunately, some Christians believe that the end justifies the means and often use the following New Testament passage to justify their approach. Additionally, Judaism encourages full disclosure and an honest examination of the Bible.

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Therefore, when passages within Jewish Scriptures appear to contradict one another, our sages never ignored them. Instead, they always sought an understanding consistent with the entire Torah. I begin by presenting one of many examples that substantiate the Jewish approach. In fact, Balaam winds up blessing them.

Definitely not a mission for an evil Satan!

Jewish new testament commentary pdf995

Rather, it refers to a messenger designated to carry out His will. This interpretation is also consistent with the biblical account of Satan found in the book of Job.

Jewish new testament commentary pdf995

There we see that Satan has no free will of his own and is given permission by God to torment Job to test his loyalty to Him. Thus, we see that Satan is a force, an angel, used by God to test mankind.

These explanations, combined with a careful scrutiny of the original Hebrew, clarify the apparent contradiction in the passages cited above from Chronicles and Samuel — and they also demonstrate that there is no contradiction at all because Satan is an emissary sent by God who created him solely for His use in testing mankind. Consequently, the two should never contradict one another in any way.

However, when contradictions do arise, we must discover a valid explanation — and if we cannot find one, then we have encountered a true contradiction.

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Christianity must acknowledge that only the Old Testament — and not the New — maintains its status as inspired by God. Because the New Testament was written after the creation of the Old and, in fact, uses the Old to prove its validity. In other words, when the New Testament contradicts the divinely inspirited Old Testament it bases itself upon, it cannot maintain its own claim of being divinely inspired and infallible. Some Christians reply that the Luke passage should not be taken literally.

Furthermore, they assert that this passage is taken out of context and is an inaccurate translation. Ironically, their arguments confirm the Jewish teaching of not accepting passages on surface value without first applying careful examination of context and translation to obtain a correct understanding. While we are discussing the importance of reading passages correctly, I present another glaring example of a passage that is regularly mistranslated and read out of context.

Many Christians like to quote the following verse from the book of Psalms to claim a prophetic reference to the crucifixion of Jesus. In context, King David, author of Psalms, is referring to the fear he experiences when pursued by his enemies, the army of King Saul.

Earlier in Psalms, David uses terminology that unmistakably parallels Psalm In Psalms 22 and 17, David compares his enemies to dogs and lions that surround and encompass him. Therefore, we can conclude that this Christian mistranslation was a disingenuous attempt to paint the crucifixion into the Old Testament.

Both of their arguments do not stand up to scrutiny, especially the Septuagint claim. In the New Testament, we are told that Jesus performed miracles, such as healing the sick. When the rabbis question his holiness and his claims that he is from God, they are asked how is it possible for someone to perform miracles if they are not from God. The New Testament account ends with the rabbis offering no response.

Jewish new testament commentary pdf995

Even for people with just a basic familiarity with the Jewish bible, this story is unbelievable and instantly raises a red flag. Any child, no less the rabbis of that time period, knows that an answer to this question appears in Deuteronomy The Jewish bible clearly teaches that a false prophet may perform miracles — not as an act of holiness but rather, as a demonstration that serves to test our loyalty to God. The rabbis could have responded with yet another Old Testament example of unholy people performing miracles.

Every child who reads a Passover Haggadah knows that the Jews went down to Egypt as a group comprised of 70 people and subsequently became a great nation. This statement appears in the Old Testament in three places.

Jewish New Testament Commentary

From there they were removed to Shechem and laid in the tomb which Abraham had purchased for a sum of money from the sons of Hamor in Shechem. Jacob was not buried in Shechem in a cave purchased by Abraham from Hamor. In truth, Jacob was buried in Hebron in a cave bought by Abraham from Ephron. Once again, we see that Stephen was obviously not filled with divine inspiration when he got his basic facts confused.

Jewish Readings of the New Testament

In fact, it was Joseph who was buried in Shechem [ Joshua ] in a field purchased by Jacob from Emmor. In fact, at the time of the writing of the Old Testament, the city of Nazareth did not even exist! In addition, many Christian bibles incorrectly attribute this quote of the disciple Matthew to the Old Testament book of Judges , a passage that refers to Samson who was Nazarite.

A Nazarite is someone who takes an oath to abstain from wine and hair cutting. A Nazarene, on the other hand, is a person from the city Nazareth. Another major contradiction is found in the New Testament book of Romans. In an attempt to promote the belief that the redeemer messiah will come from Zion and remove the sins of man, the New Testament inaccurately quotes a passage from Isaiah. Classic Christian belief claims that only by believing in the messiah, can people be totally forgiven for their sins.

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These two diametrically opposed statements represent a critical theological difference between Judaism and Christianity. To continue this discussion about atonement of sin, the New Testament incorrectly quotes Psalms to make it appear that the body of the messiah offered on the cross is more desired than sacrifices.

Jewish New Testament and comments of David H. Stern, JNT

Another verse from the Jewish bible confirms the Jewish understanding of Psalm by stating that God wants obedience more than sacrifices. In the Jewish bible, the animal blood sacrifice[8] was not the main ingredient in removing sin.

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Even a perfect sacrifice not accompanied with sincere repentance could never achieve atonement for the individual. How do we attain atonement for sins, today, when we no longer offer sacrifices in the Holy Temple in Jerusalem? The Jewish prophet Hosea Chapter 14 taught us that when there is no Temple, our prayers replace sacrifices as the act to arouse our authentic feelings of remorse and repentance.

Another passage that clearly instructs the Jews to replace sacrifices with prayer is found in the Old Testament, book of Kings, chapter 8. Although this verse states that blood serves as a tool to attain atonement for sin, it does not say that blood is only way to achieve this.

Amazingly, this passage actually substantiates the Jewish understanding and significantly contradicts the Christian argument. How so?

Because it states that a person can almost claim that blood makes atonement.

Jewish new testament commentary pdf995

One of the most shocking contradictions in the New Testament appears in Hebrews where the Jewish prophet Jeremiah is deliberately misquoted. Why did this happen? Christians want to give the impression that God has rejected or no longer cares for the Jewish people. He taught that although the Jewish people may have behaved like an unfaithful wife, God remains a faithful husband and will not break His covenant with them.

God also stated that He would never break His covenant with the Jewish people. For those who want to explore this passage in greater depth, I have written an extensive explanation that is available upon request. Yet another contradiction appears in the New Testament when Matthew tries to prove that an Old Testament prophesy was fulfilled when the infant Jesus returned from Egypt.

Christians claim the suffering Servant refers to Jesus, but it actually refers to the people Jewish as a single group suffering because of the nations of the world. For centuries, Christians have used yet another shocking contradiction. They claim that the Jews are blind to a proper understanding of their own scriptures, especially those that point to Jesus. The New Testament book of Corinthians states that the Jews have a veil over their hearts that blocks their ability to read and understand the teachings of Moses.

The Christian argument continues to assert that when the Jews turn to Jesus, their veil will be removed and they will be able to see the truth. This assertion is mind-boggling!

Why Jews Cannot Accept the New Testament

But whenever a man turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. In Chapter 34, we are told that when Moses came down from Mount Sinai, his face was beaming with rays of light. Therefore, when Moses stopped speaking to the Jews and finished teaching them the Torah, he would cover his face with a veil. For centuries, traditional Jews have understood and recited this word every Friday night when they sanctified the Sabbath with wine.

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The authors of these Christian translations, including the King James Bible, have contradicted the original Hebrew and intentionally mistranslated the verse in Exodus to make it consistent with the verse in Corinthians.

Their incorrect version deliberately implies that until Moses was finished speaking to the Jews, he had a veil over his face.

Jewish new testament commentary pdf995

Therefore, he transmitted only a veiled understanding of the meaning of his words! Furthermore, there are other major contradictions and inconsistencies within the New Testament itself! I present just two of many. However, the disciple John claims that Jesus was crucified before Passover started.

Disciples Matthew and Luke present genealogical records to demonstrate that Jesus is a direct descendant of King David and therefore, a rightful heir to the Messianic throne. Jewish Scriptures emphatically state that the messiah must meet several specific criteria and genealogy is definitely one of them. The messiah must be:. He shall build a house for My name and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.

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I will be a father to him and he will be a son to Me. The first concerns the birth of Jesus. By claiming that Jesus was born of a virgin birth, he would obviously not have a physical father and would be disqualified immediately as a member of the tribe of Judah or David. Furthermore, the disciple Paul claims that Jesus is the messiah based on his physical genealogy. Matthew also lists Jesus as being a descendant of King Jeconiah whose descendants were disqualified from ever being Kings of Israel.

This far-fetched and desperate theory is highly problematic for several reasons. Possibly, these obvious contradictions compelled the disciple Paul to write the following dramatic statement to his disciple Timothy.

To conclude, the examples that I have presented here represent only a fraction of the contradictions and inconsistencies we encounter whenever we make a careful examination of the New versus the Old Testament. This article is written out of deep love for God and respect for the authority of the Jewish Scriptures.

I hope you appreciate that this is why Jews can never accept Jesus as the Messiah, and why Jews must reject claims that the New Testament is infallible and divinely inspired.