- Eco-Economy: Building an Economy for the Earth
- Lester R. Brown
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- Economic models - Basic economics concepts - AP Macroeconomics and Microeconomics - Khan Academy
- Eco-economy : building an economy for the earth
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- Eco-Economy - Building an Economy for the Earth
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Eco-Economy: Building an Economy for the Earth
This banner text can have markup. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Full text of " Eco-economy : building an economy for the earth " See other formats from Lester R. All Rights Reserved. It is media-oriented, seeking to reach decisionmakers at all levels, rang- ing from the Secretary General of the United Nations to individual consumers.
Its three primary products are Eco-Economy: Building an Economy for the Earth, a series of four-page Earth Policy Alerts, and similarly brief Eco-Economy Updates that identify major mile- stones or setbacks in building an eco-economy.
All of these can be downloaded at no charge from the EPI Web site. ISBN W. To Roger and Vicki Sant, who share the vision Acknowledgments Anyone who writes a book is indebted to a great number of people — for research assistance, ideas, reviews, editing, and pub- lishing.
On the publishing front, my debt to W.
Brown" that appears in the front, I realized that Norton has published 38 books of which I am either the senior author or author, including 18 State of the World re- ports, 9 editions of Vital Signs, and 11 other titles. At a time when authors' horror stories about working with pub- lishers are common, this marriage with Norton must have been made in heaven.
This delightful relationship, stretching over 28 years, began when George Brockway was president and served as our contact, and then shifted to Iva Ashner and now Amy Cherry.
Lester R. Brown
Working on this book, we have also benefited from working with Lucinda Bartley in the editorial department and the production team led by Andrew Marasia, who put Eco-Economy on the fast track. All have been a pleasure to work with. Writing Eco-Economy and launching the Earth Policy Institute during the same year would have been impossible without the help of my assistant of 15 years, Reah Janise Kauffman.
As Vice Presi- dent of the Earth Policy Institute, she took care of endless details in creating the organization — from designing and furnishing the of- fice space to working with Web site designers. With her assuming responsibility for all these matters, I was free to concentrate on the book. In addition to her unflagging enthusiasm for this book from the beginning, Reah Janise transcribed the entire manuscript from tapes I dictated. As she did, she sometimes edited. She also read the full manuscript in three successive drafts, providing useful suggestions at each stage and helping to shape it.
Janet Larsen, who graduated from Stanford University's Earth viii Acknowledgments Systems program a year ago, helped with the research from the beginning. She also critiqued the manuscript as it evolved, helping me to think through many of the issues discussed here. In addition to her diligence and competence, she brought a maturity in judg- ment that I have come to rely on. Shane Ratterman became a member of the Earth Policy team just in time to help supervise the installation of the computer system.
He joined the book project in midstream, helping with both research and reviewing the manuscript as we came down the homestretch. This book is built on some new associations, as with Janet and Shane, and several longstanding relationships.
The list of my books that independent editor Linda Starke has edited over the last 20 years includes all but a few of those on the Norton list. She brought her usual efficiency and discipline to the editing of Eco-Economy. Apart from her editing skills, Linda's cumulative knowledge of en- vironmental issues proved invaluable. We are indebted to Maggie Powell not only for a great job with the layout and design of the book, but also for her willingness to work on a very tight timeline. We benefited from her years of de- sign experience.
Many individuals provided information on a wide assortment of topics. My thanks go to Earle Amey, U. Geological Survey; Donald Bleiwas, U. Geo- logical Survey; Brian Reaves, U. Indeed, for information and insight I am grateful to my col- leagues at Worldwatch Institute, whose work has been of great value. The frequency with which they are quoted and cited in this book provides some indication of the quality and range of Worldwatch research over the years.
And needless to say, I have drawn heavily on my own many years of work at Worldwatch in writing this book. Because of its scope, Eco-Economy was helped more by review- ers than most books.
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William Mansfield of our Board brought his many years of experience at the U. Environment Programme to bear on the manuscript as he read it at three different stages, help- ing to shape it along the way.
Another EPI Board member, Judy Gradwohl, brought her perspective as a biologist and curator at the Smithsonian Institution to bear on the manuscript as we came down the homestretch. Scott McVay, president of the Chautauqua Institution and also an EPI Board member and enthusiastic sup- porter of the book, commented on an intermediate draft. Toby Clark drew on his years of experience in environmental policy at the U. Environmental Protection Agency and the Coun- cil on Environmental Quality to provide several pages of detailed comments on a late draft of the manuscript.
His comments dealing with the interface between economics and ecology were particu- larly useful. Maureen Kuwano Hinkle, who worked for 18 years as the Audubon Society's agricultural lobbyist, both read intermediate and final drafts and provided encouragement along the way. My colleague Dianne Saenz, our Director of Communications, offered useful comments on several chapters.
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Liz Abbett, an envi- ronmental science major at Cornell, joined us for the summer and provided many useful comments on two separate drafts of the manuscript, including some helpful structural suggestions. Both Liz and Millicent Johnson, our librarian and Manager of Publica- tions Sales, assisted in gathering information for the book. To all who reviewed the manuscript, I X Acknowledgments am grateful.
And it goes without saying that I alone am responsible for the final product. Finally, I am indebted to Roger and Vicki Sant, who provided a generous startup grant for the Earth Policy Institute, thus allowing me to concentrate my energy on this book during the Institute's early months.
Lester R. Brown Contents Acknowledgments vii Foreword xv 1.
Economic models - Basic economics concepts - AP Macroeconomics and Microeconomics - Khan Academy
In this new role and with more time to think, three things became more apparent to me. One, we are losing the war to save the planet.
Eco-economy : building an economy for the earth
Two, we need a vision of what an environmentally sustainable economy — an eco-economy — would look like. And three, we need a new kind of research organization — one that offers not only a vision of an eco-economy, but also frequent assessments of progress in realizing that vision. When Worldwatch started 27 years ago, we were worried about shrinking forests, expanding deserts, eroding soils, deteriorating rangelands, and disappearing species.
We were just beginning to worry about collapsing fisheries. Now the list of concerns is far longer, including rising carbon dioxide levels, falling water tables, rising temperatures, rivers running dry, stratospheric ozone deple- tion, more destructive storms, melting glaciers, rising sea level, and dying coral reefs.
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Over this last quarter-century or so, many battles have been won, but the gap between what we need to do to arrest the envi- ronmental deterioration of the planet and what we are doing con- tinues to widen.
Somehow we have to turn the tide. At present there is no shared vision even within the environ- mental community, much less in society at large. Unless we have such a vision of where we want to go, we are not likely to get there. The purpose of this book is to outline the vision of an eco- economy. The good news is that when we started Worldwatch, we knew that an environmentally sustainable economy was possible, but we only had an abstract sense of what it would look like.
Today we can actually describe with some confidence not only what it xvi Foreword will look like but how it will work.
Twenty-seven years ago, the modern wind power industry had not yet been born. Now, world- wide, we have behind us a phenomenal decade of 24 percent an- nual growth. Thanks to the U. Department of Energy's National Wind Re- sources Inventory, we now know that North Dakota, Kansas, and Texas have enough harnessable wind energy to satisfy national elec- tricity needs.
In the United States, wind electric generation is pro- jected to grow by more than 60 percent in With the low-cost electricity that comes from wind turbines, we have the option of electrolyzing water to produce hydrogen, the fuel of choice for the fuel cell engines that every major automobile manufacturer is now working on.
Wind turbines are replacing coal mines in Europe. Denmark, which has banned the construction of coal-fired power plants, now gets 15 percent of its electricity from wind. In some communities in northern Germany, 75 percent of the electricity needs are satis- fied by wind power. A generation ago we knew that silicon cells could convert sun- light into electricity, but the solar roofing material developed in Japan that enables rooftops to become the power plants of build- ings was still in the future.
Today more than 1 million homes world- wide get their electricity from solar cells. Today major corporations are committed to comprehensive re- cycling, to closing the loop in the materials economy.
Download EBOOK Eco-Economy: Building an Economy for the Earth PDF for free
STMicroelectronics in Italy and Interface in the United States, a leading manufacturer of industrial carpet, are both striving for zero carbon emissions. Shell Hydrogen and DaimlerChrysler are work- ing with Iceland to make it the world's first hydrogen-powered economy.
What became apparent to me in my reflections a year ago was that to achieve these goals, we need a new kind of research insti- tute. Eco-Economy: Building an Economy for the Earth is our first book.
Eco-Economy - Building an Economy for the Earth
We have also begun issuing Earth Policy Alerts, four- page pieces dealing with topics such as worldwide wind power development and the dust bowl that is forming in northwest China.
These pieces highlight trends that affect our movement toward an Foreword xvii eco-economy. No one I know is qualified to write a book of this scope. Cer- tainly I am not, but someone has to give it a try.
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Every chapter could have been a book in its own right. Indeed, individual sec- tions of chapters have been the subject of books. Beyond the range of issues covered, an analysis that integrates across fields of knowl- edge is not easy, particularly when it embraces ecology and eco- nomics — two disciplines that start with contrasting premises.
People appear hungry for a vision, for a sense of how we can reverse the environmental deterioration of the earth. More and more people want to get involved. When I give talks on the state of the world in various countries, the question I am asked most frequently is, What can I do? People recognize the need for action and they want to do something.
My response is always that we need to make personal changes, involving everything from using bicycles more and cars less to recycling our daily newspapers. But that in itself will not be enough.