These rules are specific for documents encoding electronically. The main objective of XML is to emphasise simplicity, generality and usability over the internet.
XML is noted as a textual data format that has support from Unicode to be easily read across all languages. Though the main objective of the XML design is to focus on documents specifically, it is often also used in order to represent arbitrary data structures web services, for instance.
HTML vs. XHTML
As it is, there is a plethora of programming interfaces that developers are able to use for the purpose of accessing XML data. There are also a variety of schema systems that are designed specifically for helping to define XML based languages.
An XML document is comprised entirely of characters found in Unicode. There are a few control characters that are excluded from Unicode; however, those that are found in Unicode are capable of becoming content in an XML document.
There is a plethora of facilities that identify the encoding of the Unicode characters within an XML document. There are also facilities that express those characters that are incapable of being used. Unicode is encoded into bytes in order to be stored or transmitted — these translated Unicode expressions are known as encodings.
Contents: HTML vs XHTML
XML uses any, if not all, of Unicode defined encodings, as well as a number of different encodings whose characters appear in Unicode. It provides a mechanism that allows an XML processor to determine which encoding is in use.
This is simply a means to aid XHTML in extending its scope into other eminent platforms mobile devices and web enabled television, for instance. Cite Amitash.
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PDF vs HTML
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HTML and XHTML difference
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