Despite the appreciation for this theory, it has been criticised by many on the following grounds:. Researchers have proved that there is lack of hierarchical structure of needs as suggested by Maslow, though every individual has some ordering for his need satisfaction.
Some people may be deprived of their lower level needs but may still strive for self actualisation needs. There are always some people to whom, the need for self-esteem is more prominent than social needs.
Another problem is that there is a lack of direct cause and effect relationship between need and behaviour. One particular need may cause different type of behaviour in different persons.
On the other hand, as a particular individual behaviour may be due to the result of different needs. Thus, need hierarchy is not as simple as it appears to be. Need and satisfaction of needs is a psychological feeling.
Sometimes even the person may not be aware about his own needs. How can the managers come to know about these needs?
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Some people say that hierarchy of need simply does not exist. At all levels needs are present at given time.
Criticisms of Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
An individual motivated by self actualisation needs cannot afford to forget his food. But this criticism is solved by Maslow by saying that needs are interdependent and overlapping.
For instance, how does one measure self actualisation? Job Enlargement: Meaning, Advantages and Disadvantages.
Organization Structure of Personnel Department.