IAS 27 Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements outlines when an entity must consolidate another entity, how to account for a change in ownership interest, how to prepare separate financial statements, and related disclosures. Consolidation is based on the concept of 'control' and changes in ownership interests while control is maintained are accounted for as transactions between owners as owners in equity.
Consolidated financial statements: the financial statements of a group presented as those of a single economic entity. Subsidiary: an entity, including an unincorporated entity such as a partnership, that is controlled by another entity known as the parent.
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Control: the power to govern the financial and operating policies of an entity so as to obtain benefits from its activities. Control is presumed when the parent acquires more than half of the voting rights of the entity.
Even when more than one half of the voting rights is not acquired, control may be evidenced by power: [IAS SPEs should be consolidated where the substance of the relationship indicates that the SPE is controlled by the reporting entity. This may arise even where the activities of the SPE are predetermined or where the majority of voting or equity are not held by the reporting entity.
A parent is required to present consolidated financial statements in which it consolidates its investments in subsidiaries [IAS A parent is not required to but may present consolidated financial statements if and only if all of the following four conditions are met: [IAS The consolidated accounts should include all of the parent's subsidiaries, both domestic and foreign: [IAS Special purpose entities SPEs should be consolidated where the substance of the relationship indicates that the SPE is controlled by the reporting entity.
Once an investment ceases to fall within the definition of a subsidiary, it should be accounted for as an associate under IAS 28 , as a joint venture under IAS 31 , or as an investment under IAS 39 , as appropriate.
Intragroup balances, transactions, income, and expenses should be eliminated in full. Intragroup losses may indicate that an impairment loss on the related asset should be recognised.
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The financial statements of the parent and its subsidiaries used in preparing the consolidated financial statements should all be prepared as of the same reporting date, unless it is impracticable to do so.
And in no case may the difference be more than three months.
Consolidated financial statements must be prepared using uniform accounting policies for like transactions and other events in similar circumstances. Minority interests should be presented in the consolidated balance sheet within equity, but separate from the parent's shareholders' equity.
Minority interests in the profit or loss of the group should also be separately disclosed. Where losses applicable to the minority exceed the minority interest in the equity of the relevant subsidiary, the excess, and any further losses attributable to the minority, are charged to the group unless the minority has a binding obligation to, and is able to, make good the losses. Where excess losses have been taken up by the group, if the subsidiary in question subsequently reports profits, all such profits are attributed to the group until the minority's share of losses previously absorbed by the group has been recovered.
Acquiring additional shares in the subsidiary after control was obtained is accounted for as an equity transaction with owners like acquisition of 'treasury shares'. Goodwill is not remeasured.
The measurement of investments accounted for in accordance with IAS 39 is not changed in such circumstances. Disclosures required in separate financial statements that are prepared for a parent that is permitted not to prepare consolidated financial statements : [IAS Disclosures required in the separate financial statements of a parent, investor in a jointly controlled entity, or investor in an associate : [IAS These words serve as exceptions.
Once entered, they are only hyphenated at the specified hyphenation points. Each word should be on a separate line.
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FAS 27 (as issued)
Quick Article Links. Overview IAS 27 Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements outlines when an entity must consolidate another entity, how to account for a change in ownership interest, how to prepare separate financial statements, and related disclosures.
Key definitions [IAS Parent: an entity that has one or more subsidiaries. Identification of subsidiaries Control is presumed when the parent acquires more than half of the voting rights of the entity. There is no exemption for a subsidiary that operates under severe long-term restrictions impairing the subsidiary's ability to transfer funds to the parent.
There is no exemption for a subsidiary that had previously been consolidated and that is now being held for sale. However, a subsidiary that meets the IFRS 5 criteria as an asset held for sale shall be accounted for under that Standard. This is accounted for as an equity transaction with owners, and gain or loss is not recognised.
Partial disposal of an investment in a subsidiary that results in loss of control. Loss of control triggers remeasurement of the residual holding to fair value.
Any difference between fair value and carrying amount is a gain or loss on the disposal, recognised in profit or loss. Acquiring additional shares in the subsidiary after control is obtained Acquiring additional shares in the subsidiary after control was obtained is accounted for as an equity transaction with owners like acquisition of 'treasury shares'.
Quick links IAS 27 — Items not added to the agenda. Related Standards.
Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting 2018 (IFRS Framework)
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Please see www. Correction list for hyphenation These words serve as exceptions. Effective date of IAS 27